A Socio-Cultural, Religious Factors and the Sexual Behavior of Adolescent and Young Women: A Comparative Study between North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa

Authors

  • Nito Luís MAGESSO Lurio University & Rovuma University

Keywords:

Adolescents, North Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, HIV-AIDS

Abstract

Since the last century, humanity has been ravaged by the HIV epidemic, with a higher incidence in adolescent and young women, thus presenting itself as a challenge to sexual health and as a barrier to the human development of this social layer, especially on the African continent. This study analyses sociocultural and religious elements that influence the sexual behaviour of adolescent and young women from a perspective between North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa. Through a bibliographic survey in the databases of UNUSIDA, UNESCO, the World Bank, and periodic and scientific magazines that deal with the incidence of HIV in young women and adolescents (15–24 years old) in Africa, the study found that in North Africa, dominant culture and religion have a strong impact on influencing women to abstain and comply with norms prohibiting sex before marriage. On the contrary, in Sub-Saharan Africa, there are traditional uses and customs that are dangerous in terms of the risk of HIV contamination, such as early marriage and other sexual norms. The study concludes that society, culture, and religion must be perceived as factors that can create protection and promote the creation of interpersonal networks capable of increasing the dissemination of information related to HIV, as well as the use of condoms by women.

Published

2024-01-21

How to Cite

MAGESSO, N. L. (2024). A Socio-Cultural, Religious Factors and the Sexual Behavior of Adolescent and Young Women: A Comparative Study between North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa. GNOSI: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Human Theory and Praxis, 7(1), 1-13. Retrieved from http://www.gnosijournal.com/index.php/gnosi/article/view/237